Location of Lahore City is bounded on the North and West by Sheikhupura district, on the east by India and on the south Kasur district River Ravi flows on the northern side of Lahore. Total land area of the city is 404 sq. Km. Altitude of the city lies between 31-15 and 31-45 North latitudes and 74-01 and 74-39 East longitude. Climate of Lahore city faces extremes climate, May, June, and July are hottest months. The minimum temperature varies between 39 C and 26 C respectively. While December, January and February are the coldest months. Languages spoken in the city are Punjabi, Urdu and English. Extravagant language, maybe, but admirers have always vied with each other to immortalize this Pearl of the Punjab.
Lahore is Queen of cities; others are like a golden ring, she the diamond. In the 12th century a poet imprisoned in Persia yearned for Lahore as for a woman: I want, some velvet form which emanates the fragrance of Lahore. For longing for Lahore heart and soul faint within me.
For ages Lahore has been a brilliant symbol of a gracious way of life. It had been the abode of great people, both in the spiritual as well as worldly realms. It has the imposing reflections of its Muslim builderswering ambitions and cosmopolitan tastes. The complex variety of Lahore which has grown form the wilderness, when Changez Khanordes destroyed its suburbs, to the 20 th century developments, is distinctive character of the city in various places and provides testimony to its cultural heritage. Lahore having been the seat of many imperial dynasties possesses interesting historical reminiscences. There is a fascinating and colorful panorama of extraordinary Mosques, Mausoleums, Fort, Gardens and the like. The grandeur of Lahore cannot be solely attributed to its buildings, gardens, monuments and other historical places. Rather it is its atmosphere and ambience, its moods of joy and sorrow, fairs and funs, pains and pleasures, and above all the colorful life of its people which actually render impetus to the spirit and sole of Lahore.
Ancient names of the city were Laohur, Lauhure, Lahvar, Lahur. Lahore was founded in 1021 A.D. Most important events in history of Lahore area are:
- Counqourred by Mehmood al Ghaznavvi 1021 A.D
- Provincial Capital of Ghaznavid Empire
- Construction of Wall 1556-1605
- Sikh rule 1767-184
- Biritish Period upto 1947
- Metropolitan o' the City 1987
- Sanitation Cammittee was formed 1858
- Municipal Committee was formed 1911
- Municipal Corporation was formed 1940
Landmarks of the City
- Minar-e Pakistan
- Jahangir Tomb
- Badshahi Mosque
- Lahore Fort
- Shalimar Garden
- Mezar-e lqbal
- Jinnah Haal
Sister Cities of Lahore
- Fresl1 California-U.S.A
Other salient features of Lahore are as below: