Jhang

Jhang District is situated in the central Punjab and lies between 30.37 to 31.59 degree North latitudes and 71.37 to 73.13 degree East longitudes. The district Jhang is adjoined by Toba Tek Singh and Faislabad to the East, Hafizabad to the North-East, Khanewal on the South, Sargodha on the North, Khushab, Bhakkar and Layyah on the West.

District Jhang spreads over an area of 8809 square kilometers and comprises of following four tehsils:

  • Ahmed pur Sial
  • Chiniot
  • Jhang
  • Shorkot

Most of the land is plain cultivable, except the area near the bank of River Chenab where there is a series of Kirana Hills. In the Western part, a desert area called Thal extends from the banks of the Jehlum River to the far West in the districts of Khushab and Bhakkar, while the Sandal Bar area arises from the Pabbarwala area near the Gujranwala boundary. No cultivation was possible in this wild area in past. Later, the British Colonial Government established a canal system and the town of Lyallpur (now Faisalabad) on 975 acres of land, which is now the textile industry hub of Pakistan.

Between the Jehlum and Chenab rivers, a small area of kirana bar is also located in this district, which ends at the Ghoriwala village. The area alongside the banks of rivers Ravi, Chenab and Jehlum is called Hitthar (area in which flood water reaches), while the upland area between bars and hitthar is called Utar.

Culture

Punjabi folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi are popular in this area. Jhummar is a dance for men while Sammi is for women. The famous form of folk music is known as Dhola or Jhang da Dhola. The men wear turbans and dhotis (like a kilt) though in recent years people have started wearing the national dress which is shalwar kameez. The old women still wear dhotis (skirts) but the younger women wear shalwar kameez. Tent Pagging (naiza baazi) and kabaddi are very popular among the people of Jhang.

Teeyan and Trinjan was an important activity for women in which they used to weave cloth using the spinning wheels, but this trend no longer exists.

Other salient features of Jhang are as below: